考研幫 > 英語 > 復習經驗

想要閱讀拿高分?四類細節題必須拿下

  摘要:在英語閱讀理解中,細節題所占比例最大,在20道閱讀題中,細節題的比例能占到60%。因此想要閱讀拿高分,就一定要先拿下細節題,掌握細節題的答題方法。

  所有的閱讀都分為三個部分:原文、題干和選項。原文是解題的依據,題干是解題的方向,選項是解題的關鍵。我們要知道題干在很多時候卻是我們定位和篩選正確答案的殺手锏,尤其在應對細節題時,切記:點對點對應。

  細節題根據考查內容不同可劃分為以下幾種類型:論點論據題,傳統細節題,原因細節題,人物觀點題。考生應該重點關注每一種細節類型題的特點,以找到有效的做題思路,在最后階段更上一層樓。

  1、論點——論據題

  論點——論據題考查學生對文章細節例證的理解,也是考綱中對論點論據要求的具體體現。一般情況下,這類題目的題干信息提供論據的細節信息,考生需要根據其定位段落,然找到論據證明的論點,最后選出與之對對應的正確選項。

  例1:Americans are willing to tolerate time-consuming security procedures in return for increased safety. The crash of Egypt Air Flight 804, which terrorists may have downed over the Mediterranean Sea, provides another tragic reminder of why. But demanding too much of air travelers or providing too little security in return undermines public support for the process. And it should: Wasted time is a drag on Americans' economic and private lives, not to mention infuriating.(2017, Text1)

  21. The crash of Egypt Air Flight 804 is mentioned to _____.

  [A] explain American’s tolerance of current security checks

  [B] stress the urgency to strengthen security worldwide

  [C] highlight the necessity of upgrading major U.S. airports

  [D] emphasize the importance of privacy protection

  根據題干中的細節信息“The crash of Egypt Air Flight 804”回文定位在上文(原文二段)中,信息描述特點可以判斷出段落的結構,中心句在第一句話中,后文的細節實為論證上文觀點,所以匹配信息“Americans are willing to tolerate time-consuming security procedures in return for increased safety.”,“美國人愿意忍受耗時的安檢程序以確保安全”正確選項為[A]explain American’s tolerance of current security checks。

  2、傳統細節題

  傳統細節題也稱之為事實細節題,有兩種不同的形式,其一是題干中提供部分信息,考生需要在選項中對應出剩余準確信息;其二是題干以which形式進行提問,針對某一細節進行正確錯誤選項的判斷。無論以哪種形式出現,考生需要掌握細節表述中的同義替換的表達形式。

  例2:It has not gotten anywhere close to that, and one big reason is sticker shock. Passengers must pay $85 every five years to process their background checks. Since the beginning, this price tag has been PreCheck’ s fatal flaw. Upcoming reforms might bring the price to a more reasonable level. should: Wasted time is a drag on Americans' economic and private lives, not to mention infuriating.(2017, Text1)

  24. One problem with the PreCheck program is _________.

  [A] a dramatic reduction of its scale

  [B] its wrongly-directed implementation

  [C] the government’s reluctance to back it

  [D] an unreasonable price for enrollment

  根據題干信息“problem with the PreCheck ”可以定位至上文(文章第六段),句中表述的fatal flaw就是PreCheck program的問題的同義置換,而這個問題就是price“價格”,所以對應正確選項D, “加入這一項目的價格不合理”。答案中的表述是對原文陳述的總結陳詞,這也是答案對應的一種典型方式。

  3、因果細節題

  因果細節題是細節信息和因果關系相結合的一種考查題類型。考生需要根據題干準確定位并明確因果邏輯關系,進而解題。

  例3:Opposition to telescopes on Mauna Kea is nothing new. A small but vocal group of Hawaiians and environments have long viewed their presence as disrespect for sacred land and a painful reminder of the occupation of what was once a sovereign nation. (2017, Text2)

  28. The construction of the TMT is opposed by some locals partly because _________.

  [A] it may risk ruining their intellectual life

  [B] it reminds them of a humiliating history

  [C] their culture will lose a chance of revival

  [D] they fear losing control of Mauna Kea

  根據題干關鍵信息“The construction of the TMT”、“opposed”和“some locals ”定位原文至上文(第三段),根據原文表述,一些反對者認為這些望遠鏡是“a painful reminder of the occupation of what was once a sovereign nation”,可推知,是對曾經主權國家遭受占領的痛苦的提醒,對應信息可得答案B。

  4、人物觀點題

  人物觀點題是根據細節信息判斷人物的觀點,考生需要理解定位句中具體的細節性信息,判斷人物的觀點傾向,隨之解題。

  例4: “The ancient Hawaiians were astronomers,” wrote Queen Liliuokalani, Hawaii’s last reigning monarch, in 1897. Star watchers were among the most esteemed members of Hawaiian society. Sadly, all is not well with astronomy in Hawaii today. Protests have erupted over construction of the Thirty Meter Telescope(TMT), a giant observatory that promises to revolutionize humanity’s view of the cosmos. (2017, Text2)

  26. Queen Liliuokalani’s remark in Paragraph 1 indicates ________.

  [A] her conservative view on the historical role of astronomy

  [B] the importance of astronomy in ancient times

  [C] the regrettable decline of astronomy in ancient times

  [D] her appreciation of star watchers’ feats in her time

  該題針對第一段中人物觀點進行命題,從人物的言語“The ancient Hawaiians were astronomers”中找到引言想要傳達的觀點,第二句話中“Star watchers were among the most esteemed members of Hawaiian society.”體現對天文學家重要的社會地位,所以對應正確選項為B。

  最后再次強調:緊扣細節題干,準確判斷題型,回文定位,點對點對應,注意總結正確選項的替換方式。

關于"最后階段,真題的正確打開方式_備考經驗_考研幫"15名研友在考研幫APP發表了觀點

掃我下載考研幫

考研幫地方站更多

× 關閉
买13458和02679技巧